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Serialization/Deserialization

As explained in the introduction, some types (Serverkey, Ciphertext) are meant to be shared with the server that performs the computations.
The easiest way to send these data to a server is to use the serialization and deserialization features. tfhe::shortint uses the serde framework. Serde's Serialize and Deserialize are then implemented on tfhe::shortint's types.
To be able to serialize our data, we need to pick a data format. For our use case, bincode is a good choice, mainly because it is binary format.
# Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
# ...
bincode = "1.3.3"
// main.rs
use bincode;
use std::io::Cursor;
use tfhe::shortint::prelude::*;
fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn std::error::Error>> {
let (client_key, server_key) = gen_keys(Parameters::default());
let msg1 = 1;
let msg2 = 0;
let ct_1 = client_key.encrypt(msg1);
let ct_2 = client_key.encrypt(msg2);
let mut serialized_data = Vec::new();
bincode::serialize_into(&mut serialized_data, &server_key)?;
bincode::serialize_into(&mut serialized_data, &ct_1)?;
bincode::serialize_into(&mut serialized_data, &ct_2)?;
// Simulate sending serialized data to a server and getting
// back the serialized result
let serialized_result = server_function(&serialized_data)?;
let result: Ciphertext = bincode::deserialize(&serialized_result)?;
let output = client_key.decrypt(&result);
assert_eq!(output, msg1 + msg2);
Ok(())
}
fn server_function(serialized_data: &[u8]) -> Result<Vec<u8>, Box<dyn std::error::Error>> {
let mut serialized_data = Cursor::new(serialized_data);
let server_key: ServerKey = bincode::deserialize_from(&mut serialized_data)?;
let ct_1: Ciphertext = bincode::deserialize_from(&mut serialized_data)?;
let ct_2: Ciphertext = bincode::deserialize_from(&mut serialized_data)?;
let result = server_key.unchecked_add(&ct_1, &ct_2);
let serialized_result = bincode::serialize(&result)?;
Ok(serialized_result)
}