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Use encrypted types

The TFHE library provides encrypted integer types and a type system that is checked both at compile time and at run time.
Encrypted integers behave as much as possible as Solidity's integer types. Currently, however, behaviour such as "revert on overflow" is not supported as this would leak some information about the encrypted value. Therefore, arithmetic on e(u)int types is unchecked, i.e. there is wrap-around on overflow.
Encrypted integers with overflow checking are coming soon to the TFHE library. They will allow reversal in case of an overflow, but will leak some information about the operands.
In terms of implementation in the fhEVM, encrypted integers take the form of FHE ciphertexts. The TFHE library abstracts away that and, instead, exposes ciphertext handles to smart contract developers. The e(u)int types are wrappers over these handles.
The following encrypted data types are defined:
type
supported
ebool
yes (1)
euint8
yes
euint16
yes
euint32
yes
euint64
no, coming soon
eint8
no, coming soon
eint16
no, coming soon
eint32
no, coming soon
eint64
no, coming soon
Higher-precision integers are supported in the TFHE-rs library and can be added as needed to fhEVM.
NOTE 1: The ebool type is currently implemented as an euint8. A more optimized native boolean type will replace euint8.

Verification

When users send serialized ciphertexts as bytes to the blockchain, they first need to be converted to the respective encrypted integer type. Conversion verifies if the ciphertext is well-formed and includes proof verification. These steps prevent usage of arbitrary inputs. For example, following functions are provided for ebool, euint8, euint16 and euint32:
  • TFHE.asEbool(bytes ciphertext) verifies the provided ciphertext and returns an ebool
  • TFHE.asEuint8(bytes ciphertext) verifies the provided ciphertext and returns an euint8
  • TFHE.asEuint16(bytes ciphertext) verifies the provided ciphertext and returns an euint16
  • TFHE.asEuint32(bytes ciphertext) verifies the provided ciphertext and returns an euint32
  • ... more functions for the respective encrypted integer types

Example

function mint(bytes calldata encryptedAmount) public onlyContractOwner {
euint32 amount = TFHE.asEuint32(encryptedAmount);
balances[contractOwner] = balances[contractOwner] + amount;
totalSupply = totalSupply + amount;
}

Contract state variables with encrypted types

If you require a state variable that utilizes these encrypted types, you cannot directly assign the value. In Solidity, the compiler attempts to ascertain the value of TFHE.asEuintXX(yy) during compilation, which is not feasible because asEuintXX() invokes a precompiled contract. To address this challenge, you should declare your property and subsequently assign its value within the constructor. Also, please be aware that you should never declare encrypted types as either constant or immutable variables, as these variables need to be stored in the privileged storage of the fhEVM, which is not compatible with constant variable types.
euint32 private totalSupply;
constructor() {
totalSupply = TFHE.asEuint32(0);
}